For normal cases, the courts were made up of dikastai of up to citizens.
Juries are most common in common law adversarial-system jurisdictions. In the modern system, juries act as triers of factwhile judges act as triers of law but see nullification.
A trial without a jury in which both questions of fact and questions of law are decided by a judge is known as a bench trial.
Types of jury[ edit ] Main article: Petit jury The "petit jury" or "trial jury", sometimes "petty jury" hears the evidence in a trial as presented by both the plaintiff petitioner and the defendant respondent. After hearing the evidence and often jury instructions from the judgethe group retires for deliberationto consider a verdict.
The majority required for a verdict varies.
In some cases it must be unanimous, while in other jurisdictions it may be a majority or supermajority. A jury that is unable to come to a verdict is referred to as a hung jury.
The size of the jury varies; in criminal cases involving serious felonies there are usually 12 jurors. In civil cases many trials require fewer than twelve jurors.
Grand jury A grand jury, a type of jury now confined almost exclusively to federal courts and some state jurisdictions in the United States, determines whether there is enough evidence for a criminal trial to go forward. Grand juries carry out this duty by examining evidence presented to them by a prosecutor and issuing indictmentsor by investigating alleged crimes and issuing presentments.
A grand jury is traditionally larger than and distinguishable from the petit jury used during a trial, usually with 12 jurors. It is not required that a suspect be notified of grand jury proceedings. Grand juries can also be used for filing charges in the form of a sealed indictment against unaware suspects who are arrested later by a surprise police visit.
In addition to their primary role in screening criminal prosecutions and assisting in the investigation of crimes, grand juries in California, Florida,  and some other U.
Coroner's jury A third kind of jury, known as a coroner's jury can be convened in some common law jurisdiction in connection with an inquest by a coroner.
A coroner is a public official often an elected local government official in the United Stateswho is charged with determining the circumstances leading to a death in ambiguous or suspicious cases. A coroner's jury is generally a body that a coroner can convene on an optional basis in order to increase public confidence in the coroner's finding where there might otherwise be a controversy.
A jury is intended to be an impartial panel capable of reaching a verdict. Procedures and requirements may include a fluent understanding of the language and the opportunity to test jurors' neutrality or otherwise exclude jurors who are perceived as likely to be less than neutral or partial to one side.
Juries are initially chosen randomly, usually from the eligible population of adult citizens residing in the court's jurisdictional area.Trial lawyers’ main goal is to persuade the jury or, in a bench trial, the judge to rule in their clients’ favor.
To do so, trial lawyers need more than logical arguments. Persuasion is more than convincing. A jury trial, or trial by jury, is a lawful proceeding in which a jury makes a decision or findings of fact.
It is distinguished from a bench trial in which a judge or panel of judges makes all decisions. Jury nullification is a concept where members of a trial jury find a defendant not guilty if they do not support a government's law, do not believe it is constitutional or humane, or do not support a possible punishment for breaking the law.
Trial lawyers’ main goal is to persuade the jury or, in a bench trial, the judge to rule in their clients’ favor. To do so, trial lawyers need more than logical arguments. Persuasion is more than convincing. Chapter 9 CLOSING ARGUMENT § INTRODUCTION Closing argument comes at the end of the trial. It is your final opportunity c Suggest specific ways for the jury to resolve conflicts in your favor — both affirmative reasons why your position is right, and negative. Oct 22, · The main argument for trial by jury is that you are being judged by a group of your peers and as it is a groups opinion it should be more rutadeltambor.com: Resolved.
Oct 05, · As I noted in my preview of Bravo-Fernandez v. United States, a complex double jeopardy case, sometimes oral argument can cast a case as more one-sided than it seemed going in.
The transcript of Tuesday’s argument suggests that the court may be . After the jury issued its verdict in favor of Van Rossum and awarded her $,, the County renewed its motion for judgment as a matter of law or alternatively for a new trial.
Oct 22, · What are the arguments for and against trial by jury? if possible, can answers be made with reference to the uk? Defense lawyers will go for a jury trial in almost all cases, in that things generally go worse for the defense with a bench trial.
The main argument for trial by jury is that you are being judged by a group of Status: Resolved.