North Korean cult of personality Kim Il-sung with Kim Jong-il on Mount Paektu In previous decades, North Korean propaganda was crucial to the formation and promotion of the cult of personality centered around the founder of the totalitarian stateKim Il-sung.
For a suitable donation, a question could be put to the Pythia and an answer obtained from Apollo. Since the words of the Pythia were hard to understand, the priests attending her wrote up the answer in verse and delivered it to the petitioner.
The answers were legendarily obscure or ambiguous -- the source of the modern of meaning of "oracular," which is precisely to be obscure or ambiguous.
One example of the kinds of answers Delphi gave occurred when King Croesus of Lydiaof legendary wealth, sought advice on the attack against Persia he was contemplating.
Cyrus the Great had just overthrown the Medesinand Croesus figured that this must reveal the weakness of the Median state, and that, in any case, Cyrus' new realm was bound to be disorganized for a while, giving the Lydians an opportunity to renew the war that had ended in But he was a cautious ruler, and sent a question to Delphi, asking what would happen if he attacked the Persians.
This is a revealing episode, since Croesus wasn't even a Greek. Delphi already had such a reputation. The answer that the Pythia delivered was that if Croesus attacked Cyrus, "a great kingdom will fall.
He had no idea who he was dealing with, and was defeated very swiftly indeed. Lydia became part of Persia in But Cyrus didn't kill, torture, or imprison Croesus. The former king was sent home to live in retirement, where he had the leisure to write back to Delphi and complain that he had been misled.
The priests answered his letter, telling him that what they had said was perfectly accurate. A great kingdom had indeed fallen, namely his. Croesus might have worried which kingdom the god had referred to. Another example came when the Persians invaded Greece in King Xerxes wished to avenge the defeat of his father, Darius, at the battle of Marathon in I had a student once who worked at the "Phidippides Sports Center," a sports supply store in Encino, California.
This was named after the messenger who is supposed to have run back to Athens to report the defeat of the Persians. Unfortunately, Phidippides dropped dead once he had blurted out, "Victory is ours.
The distance of a Marathon run is As it happens, the distance from Marathon to Athens is more like 19 miles 30 km.
We get the difference because the distance for the event was determined inwhen the Olympics were in London, and the run was from Windsor Castle to London's Olympic Stadium.
So Phidippides didn't run nearly as far as a Marathon. Indeed, Phidippides may not have done the run at all. He or "Philippides" is mentioned by Herodotus as running to Sparta from Athens before the battle to ask for helpbut there is no account of the run from Marathon for many centuries.
And when Plutarch relates the story, he doesn't mention Phidippides. Others fled the city. Unfortunately, after the Persians had flanked and eliminated the Spartans atThermopylae "Hot gates," i. Athens, however, had just built a new fleet, under the command of Themistocles.
He figured that the "walls of wood" meant the ships and that he should try and bring the Persians to action. He drew them into an attack in the narrow waters between the island of Salamis where most Athenians had fled and the mainland.
Here the large Persian fleet could not deploy to advantage, and the Athenians started getting the better of the fight.
Since most of the Persian fleet consisted of Phoenicians and Egyptians, who didn't want to be there anyway, they began to flee.
Xerxes, observing from a headland, was apoplectic. Now, without a dangerous and humiliating march overland, his army was stranded in Greece, short of supplies.
The Greeks allowed for the attrition of a whole year, and then the Spartans attacked and destroyed the remaining Persian force at Plataea, in Themistocles had interpreted the Oracle correctly. This was the last Persian effort to invade Greece.
Despite the leadership of the Spartans, the key to victory had been in the Athenian fleet. This made the fortunes of Athens for some time. Some scholarly comment has been that Athens became disillusioned with Delphi because it had favored Sparta in the Peloponnesian War, patronizing instead another oracle of Apollo at Delos.
So when Socrates mentions Delphi, this actually adds to the things that are provoking the jury. However, Xenophon, who discusses at length in the Memorabilia the complaints that people had against Socrates, does not mention this one; and such a complaint would have discredited the "walls of wood" pronouncement, which was Delphi's principal contribution to the defense of Athens and the defeat of the Persians.Comment.
Nate Winchester on 26 March , said. First? The story is impossible to finish with Eragon cast as the hero because, even if the 4th book were good and corrected every previous mistake, it would still be dragged to the bottom of the lake by the firm anchors of the first three.
Why Following Orders in the Army Is Important Essay Sample. The whole doc is available only for registered users OPEN DOC.
Pages: Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Get Access. Why Following Orders in the Army Is Important Essay Sample. Importance Of Following Orders I am writing this essay on the importance of following order orders is crucial. when following orders you should do so as commanded.
it is important to follow orders, for the orders might better you and help you with the situation your in. in my situation I disobeying orders can lead to disciplinary.
Consequences Disobeying Orders Essays. consequences disobeying orders essays Get help with your writing. 1 through 30american literature homework help Consequences Disobeying Orders Essays rashid Feb 28, Check out our top Free Essays on Consequences Of Disobeying An Order to help you write your own EssayFeb 28, .
Purpose of Counseling: You are being counseled for multiple incidences of insubordination and failure to follow lawful orders in the field, as well as your contravention of the OCS SOP, due to locking your door for an extended period to avoid speaking with your Team Leader and Squad Leader.
My idea of leadership is being able to inspire others, motivate, set a vision, communicate, respect others, and of course, lead by example.
A leader must have an honest understanding of who they are, what they know, and what they are capable of.