Does Music Affect Plant Growth?
Do Plants Like Music? Do plants have feelings? Can they hear sounds? Do they like music? To the skeptic, the idea that plants have feelings or feel pain is ridiculous. Over the years, several studies have indicated that plants may respond to sound.
However, the subject is still hotly debated in scientific circles. Below, I describe several of these studies and their findings in detail, along with the critics' views, so that you can weigh the evidence and draw your own conclusions.
First, we'll discuss the studies that support the idea that music helps plants grow, and then we'll look at the opposition. Studies Find Positive Effect of Music on Plants If plants respond to the ways they are nurtured and have several sensory perceptions, then how do they respond to sound waves and the vibrations created by musical sounds?
Several studies have looked at this question, specifically how music effects plant growth. Singh, head of the Botany Department at India's Annamalia University, experimented with the effect of musical sounds on the growth rate of plants.
He initially experimented with classical music.
Later, he experimented with raga music improvisations on a set of rhythms and notes played on flute, violin, harmonium, and reena, an Indian instrument. He found similar effects. Singh repeated the experiment with field crops using a particular type of raga played through a gramophone and loudspeakers.
Through his several experiments, Singh concluded that the sound of the violin has the greatest effect on plant growth. He also experimented on the effects of vibrations caused by barefoot dancing. After exposure to dancers performed Bharata-Natyam, India's most ancient dance style, with no musical accompaniment, several flowering plants, including petunias and marigold, flowered two weeks earlier than the control.
Sir Jagadish Chandra Bosean Indian plant physiologist and physicist, spent a lifetime researching and studying the various environmental responses of plants.
He concluded that they react to the attitude with which they are nurtured. He also found that plants are sensitive to factors in the external environment, such as light, cold, heat, and noise. In order to conduct his research, Bose created recorders capable of detecting extremely small movements, like the quivering of injured plants, and he also invented the crescograph, a tool that measures the growth of plants.
From his analysis of the effects specific circumstances had on plants' cell membranes, he hypothesised they could both feel pain and understand affection. Luther Burbankan American botanist and horticulturist, studied how plants react when removed from their natural habitat.
He talked to his plants. Based on his horticultural experiments, he attributed approximately 20 sensory perceptions to plants. The book has short description of the experiments with a brief biography of these scientists.
It should be mentioned that some, including botanists Arthur Galston and Leslie Audus, consider the book to be a piece of fiction, not science. A lot of the science in The Secret Life of Plants has been discredited but nevertheless, the book has made its mark on our minds and culture.
Singh also discovered that seeds that were exposed to music and later germinated produced plants that had more leaves, were of greater size, and had other improved characteristics. It practically changed the plant's genetic chromosomes! Canby's research reinforces Singh's findings.
Do Plants Like Rock Music? In a experiment by Dorothy Retallack, then a student of Professor Francis Brown, three groups of plants were exposed to various types of musical sounds.
For one group, Retallack played the note F for an 8-hour period. For the second group, she played similar note for three hours. The third controlled group remained in silence. The first group died within two weeks, while the second group was much healthier than the controlled group.
Fascinated by Retallack's findings, two other students went on to do their own test. Plants exposed to Hayden, Beethoven, Brahms, and Schubert grew towards and entwined themselves around the speakers.Music has a profound effect on everyone.
From the soothing tones of classical music to the peppy beats of jazz, it has the ability to change . Sep 06, · How could music affect plant growth if plants don't have ears? To explain how it may work, let us look at how we humans receive and hear sound. What is the effect of music on plant growth?) this website was really good use and I want to make sure people know about this website since its great.
When I say great I mean like Reviews: Sep 06, · Thanks, Jonathan. I am glad this article on the effect of music on plant growth has helped you in your Biology and Music examinations. Wishing you the best in your exam rutadeltambor.coms: Though it is still a debatable topic, experiments conducted all over the world indicate that music can affect plant growth.
While soothing classical music, Beethoven, Brahms have been seen to help in stimulating growth, certain other music hindered their growth rate. Here is an experiment that can help you in the research and arrive at a conclusion. The above-stated experiments prove that music does affect plants.
But it is not the lyrics of the songs, or their meaning, it is the frequencies and the vibrations that they emit, which make the difference. Can Music Accelerate Plant Growth? Believe it or not, numerous studies have indicated that playing music for plants really does promote faster, healthier growth.
In , an Indian botanist conducted several experiments on music and plant growth.