Hitler incited the deadliest war and genocide in history: Then, while living in Madrid earlier this year, Spaniards told me Trump reminded them of Francisco Franco — the fascist general who ruled the country for 36 years. I let the comment pass. Given enough time, every friend I made in the city would ask about Trump and I worked hard to answer honestly, then briskly moved past the subject.
Early life[ edit ] His parents with Francisco in arms, on the day of his baptism on 17 December Franco was born on 4 December at Calle Frutos Saavedra in FerrolGalicia. Arms of the Franco family until   His father was of Andalusian ancestry. His parents married in The latter died in infancy.
Military career[ edit ] Rif War and advancement through the ranks[ edit ] Francisco was to follow his father into the Navy, but as a result of the Spanish—American War the country lost much of its navy as well as most of its colonies. Not needing any more officers, the Naval Academy admitted no new entrants from to To his father's chagrin, Francisco decided to try the Spanish Army.
Inhe entered the Infantry Academy in Toledograduating in July as second lieutenant st out of cadets. Spanish efforts to occupy their new African protectorate provoked the protracted Rif War from to with native Moroccans.
Their tactics resulted in heavy losses among Spanish military officersand also provided an opportunity to earn promotion through merit. It was said that officers would receive either la caja o la faja a coffin or a general's sash. Franco quickly gained a reputation as a good officer. Moroccan colonial troops with Spanish officers, who acted as shock troops.
|Francisco Franco Bahamonde||The Spanish national will was never freely expressed through the ballot box.|
|Spain - THE FRANCO YEARS||Uri Zarfaty Can you add some analysis to this?|
The letters between the two were found and she was questioned by journalists. Inaged 23 and already a captain, he was shot by enemy machine gun fire. He was badly wounded in the abdomen, specifically the liver, in a skirmish at El Biutz and possibly lost a testicle.
His survival marked him permanently in the eyes of the native troops as a man of baraka good luck. With that he was promoted to major at the end of February at age This made him the youngest major in the Spanish army. From tohe served in Spain. Franco became the Legion's second-in-command and returned to Africa.
On 24 Julythe poorly commanded and overextended Spanish Army suffered a crushing defeat at Annual from Rif tribesmen led by the Abd el-Krim brothers. The Legion and supporting units relieved the Spanish enclave of Melilla after a three-day forced march led by Franco. Inby now a lieutenant colonelhe was made commander of the Legion.
Promoted to colonelFranco led the first wave of troops ashore at Al Hoceima in This landing in the heartland of Abd el-Krim's tribe, combined with the French invasion from the south, spelled the beginning of the end for the short-lived Republic of the Rif.
Franco's recognition eventually caught up with him and he was promoted to brigadier general on 3 February This made him the youngest general in Spain, and perhaps the youngest general of Europe.
In Franco was appointed director of the newly created General Military Academy of Zaragoza, a new college for all army cadetsreplacing the former separate institutions for young men seeking to become officers in infantry, cavalry, artillery, and other branches of the army.
During the Second Spanish Republic[ edit ] With the fall of the monarchy inFranco did not take any notable stand. Franco stressed in his speech the Republic's need for discipline and respect. For six months Franco was without a post and under surveillance. Yet it was quite common for the Conservative Officers to be moved or demoted.
New elections held in October resulted in a centre-right majority. This uprising was rapidly quelled in most of the country, but gained a stronghold in Asturiaswith the support of the miners ' unions.
Franco, already General of Division and aide to the war minister, Diego Hidalgowas put in command of the operations directed to suppress the insurgency. After two weeks of heavy fighting and a death toll estimated between 1, and 2,the rebellion was suppressed.
The insurgency in Asturias see Asturian miners' strike of sharpened the antagonism between Left and Right. Some time after these events, Franco was briefly commander-in-chief of the Army of Africa from 15 February onwardsand from 19 Mayon, Chief of the General Staff.
Spanish general election, After the ruling centre-right coalition collapsed amid the Straperlo corruption scandal, new elections were scheduled. Two wide coalitions formed: On 16 Februarythe left won by a narrow margin.
The government and its supporters, the Popular Front, had launched a campaign against the Opposition whom they accused of plotting against the Republic. According to the right-wing opposition, the real enemies of the Republic were not on the Right but on the Left; Spain was in imminent danger of falling under a "Communist dictatorship", and therefore by fighting the democratically elected Popular Front, they were merely doing their duty in defence of law and order and of the freedom and the fundamental rights of the Spanish people.
In June, Franco was contacted and a secret meeting was held within the forest of La Esperanza on Tenerife to discuss starting a military coup.Sep 13, · The Valley of the Fallen, near Madrid, was built by the Spanish dictator Francisco Franco to honor those who “fell for God and Spain” in the civil war.
Franco himself is buried there. Francisco Franco, the Ultimate Fascist Dictator? Words | 8 Pages controls, suppression of the masses through censorship and terrorism, and policies of aggressive nationalism and racism (“Fascism”).
Generalissimo Francisco Franco Bahamonde ("El Caudillo") (December 4, – November 20, ) was a soldier and statesman who served as the dictator of Spain from April 1, , until his death on November 20, He had previously been a General in the Spanish army.
Francisco Franco Bahamonde (/ ˈ f r æ ŋ k oʊ /; Spanish: [fɾanˈθisko ˈfɾaŋko]; 4 December – 20 November ) was a Spanish general who ruled over Spain as a military dictator from , after the nationalist victory in the Spanish Civil War, until his death in The family of Spain’s late fascist dictator Francisco Franco will use all possible legal means to prevent a government plan to move their ancestor’s remains from a grand monument near Madrid.
10 days ago · Located an hour’s drive north of Madrid, the Valley of the Fallen is a fascist monument commissioned by Franco in and has since become a site of pilgrimage for those who still revere the former dictator.