Shutterstock Akarawut A mix of heirloom corns from Peru. Pests and fungal diseases are on the march. Milder conditions from climate change provide a more sympathetic environment for all kinds of fungi to grow on food crops, including the molds that produce mycotoxins.
We believe that the one overriding food industry concern is how to best manage food safety across the global supply chain while ensuring regulatory compliance.
This article is meant to provide the reader with background information as well as action steps that can be taken to mitigate the inherent risks of a global food supply chain.
It is no secret that there have been significant media exposure, public health impact and decrease in consumer confidence in recent years due to some significant food safety incidents. This has increased focus on food safety by consumers, the industry, lawmakers and regulatory agencies.
The increased awareness of some of these large-scale foodborne illness and contamination events has resulted from the following: Then an investigation can ensue to evaluate whether there is a common food or environmental source of this genetically matched strain that made people ill.
Several multistate outbreaks have been detected due to PulseNet and this collaboration to improve signal detection. The FDA Reportable Food Registry, launched inrequires firms to report instances of product contamination, provided they meet certain criteria related to the possibility of serious adverse health consequences or death to humans or animals.
Additionally, the upstream and downstream distribution-supply chain partners may need to submit their distribution and handling information as well.
This has resulted in significant recalls related to, among others, hydrolyzed vegetable protein and allergens. These systems, among others, have contributed to the rising number of food recalls in the past several years, and there is every indication that science and technology, improved signal detection, regulatory oversight and collaboration across borders will continue to expand, making more detection of adulteration and subsequent food recalls in the future a definite possibility.
In addition, an ever-increasing complex global food and ingredient supply has introduced further opportunities for contamination to be incorporated into food products. Within the supply chain, adulteration is the key food safety issue.
Adulterated food is food that is generally impure, unsafe or unwholesome. State statutes may also regulate adulterated food produced or sold in the state. Adulteration can be unintentional or intentional. This includes biological, chemical or physical hazards. Intentional adulteration can be for economic or other reasons, such as food defense.
Additionally, other issues such as consistency, quality, availability and price are of concern to all those in a company who are involved with the supply chain.
Further, the global food supply continues to grow in volume and complexity. Imports are expected to continue to grow because of cost concerns need for lower costs and higher productivityavailability includes seasonality and consumer demand for diverse food products.
According to the U. Government Accountability Office GAOimports account for nearly two-thirds of the fruits and vegetables and 80 percent of seafood eaten domestically. Seafood and spices are among the most imported food items.
Consumers in the U. The growth of imported products is coming from locations such as Mexico, China, Asia, India and Africa. According to an analysis of food products refused by FDA at the port, conducted by the U.
Violations observed over the entire time period include sanitary issues in seafood and fruit products, pesticides in vegetables and unregistered processes for canned food products in all three industries.
Projected growth rates of imported foods are 5—15 percent per year. Imports will continue to grow because of the rise of emerging markets, the scarcity of natural resources and the increased flow of capital, information and goods across borders. With this increase will come increased complexity for regulators, as the distinction between foreign and domestic products continues to blur and becomes ever more complex.
With this complexity comes the challenge of being able to trace the products, ensure that all entities within the supply chain meet their responsibility for food safety and quality and address the ever-growing number and sophistication of those who wish to perpetrate economic fraud or food supply terrorism.
From a regulatory perspective, several new laws and regulations have been enacted in recent years to help address the safety of the global food supply chain, including the Bioterrorism Act of [ 5 ] and the FDA Food Safety Modernization Act FSMA.
However, regulations are only as good as the resources to investigate and enforce them.Sample testing forms a key part of any food safety management system within the supply chain and plays an essential role in the protection of brands, organisations and ultimately the consumer. Within the UK alone, there are over , cases of food poisoning per year from known pathogens (FSA Jul 11, · IBM and a number of startups are using blockchain technology to track the global food supply chain.
In turn, this allows consumers to know exactly . As we enter the new year, we were asked by Food Safety Magazine to address the top food safety challenges facing the industry. We believe that the one overriding food industry concern is how to best manage food safety across the global supply chain while ensuring regulatory compliance.
This article. A food industry supply chain handles dry/packaged food products. We have been able to develop an extensive database and solutions to ensure seamless delivery of your goods.
Download the case study and learn how Food & Beverage companies increase their speed Customer Satisfaction · Strategic Planning · On Time. FOOD LOSS AND WASTE IN THE FOOD SUPPLY CHAIN Maryam Rezaei is a Food technologist at FAO Nutrition and Food Systems Division (ESN).
Her and one effective way is by reducing food loss and waste in their operations. Where does food loss and waste take place in the food Global Initiative on Food Loss and Waste Reduction.