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Immanuel Kant[ edit ] Immanuel Kant is believed to have had the greatest influence of any philosopher of modern times. Kantian philosophy was the basis on which the structure of Marxism was built—particularly as it was developed by Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel.
Hegel's dialectical methodwhich was taken up by Karl Marxwas an extension of the method of reasoning by antinomies that Kant used. His views were widely taught and his students were highly regarded.
His followers soon divided into right-wing and left-wing Hegelians. Theologically and politically, the right-wing Hegelians offered a conservative interpretation of his work. They emphasized the compatibility between Hegel's philosophy and Christianity.
Politically, they were orthodox. The left-wing Hegelians eventually moved to an atheistic position. In politics, many of them became revolutionaries. Marx's view Karl marx an inspiration history, which came to be called historical materialismis certainly influenced by Hegel's claim that reality and history should be viewed dialectically.
Hegel believed that the direction of human history is characterized in the movement from the fragmentary toward the complete and the real which was also a movement towards greater and greater rationality.
Sometimes, Hegel explained that this progressive unfolding of the Absolute involves gradual, evolutionary accretion, but at other times requires discontinuous, revolutionary leaps—episodal upheavals against the existing status quo.
For example, Hegel strongly opposed slavery in the United States during his lifetime and envisioned a time when Christian nations would radically eliminate it from their civilization. While Marx accepted this broad conception of history, Hegel was an idealist and Marx sought to rewrite dialectics in materialist terms.
He summarized the materialistic aspect of his theory of history in the preface to A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy: In the social production of their existence, men inevitably enter into definite relations, which are independent of their will, namely relations of production appropriate to a given stage in the development of their material forces of production.
The totality of these relations of production constitutes the economic structure of society, the real foundation, on which arises a legal and political superstructure and to which correspond definite forms of social consciousness.
The mode of production of material life conditions the general process of social, political and intellectual life. It is not the consciousness of men that determines their existence, but their social existence that determines their consciousness.
In this brief popularization of his ideas, Marx emphasized that social development sprang from the inherent contradictions within material life and the social superstructure.
This notion is often understood as a simple historical narrative: Slave states had developed into feudal societies. Those societies in turn became capitalist states and those states would be overthrown by the self-conscious portion of their working classor proletariatcreating the conditions for socialism and ultimately a higher form of communism than that with which the whole process began.
Marx illustrated his ideas most prominently by the development of capitalism from feudalism and by the prediction of the development of communism from capitalism. Ludwig Feuerbach and Marx's theory of alienation Ludwig Feuerbach was a German philosopher and anthropologist.
Feuerbach proposed that people should interpret social and political thought as their foundation and their material needs.Influences on Karl Marx are generally thought to have been derived from three sources, namely German idealist philosophy, French socialism and English and Scottish political economy.
[citation needed German philosophy Immanuel Kant. Immanuel Kant is believed to have had the. Karl Marx Quotes and Sayings Quotes by Karl Marx May you find great value in these inspirational Karl Marx Quotes from my large datebase of inspiring quotes and sayings.
Last week's Big Question studied the formative years of Karl Marx. It was the years that saw Marx in Paris ( to ) that he began to develop his ideas on what would become the cornerstone of his philosophy - class struggle.
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See more Inspirational Quotes about Life. May the world be kind to you, and may your own thoughts be gentle upon yourself. The ideas of Marx have never been more relevant than they are today. This is reflected in the thirst for Marxist theory at the present time.
In this article, Alan Woods deals with the main ideas of Karl Marx and their relevance to the crisis we're passing through today.
Marx also criticized Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, who had become famous with his cry "Property is theft!", in The Poverty of Philosophy ().
Marx's early writings are thus a response towards Hegel, German idealism and a break with the rest of .