The Brotherhood firmly rejects all notions of Western influences in addition to rejecting extreme Sufism as well. Brotherhood members organize events from prayer meetings to sport clubs for socializing.
See Article History Alternative Titles: Although figures of Brotherhood membership are variable, it is estimated that at its height in the late s it may have had somemembers.
Early activism and militancy Initially centred on religious and educational programs, the Muslim Brotherhood was seen as providing much-needed social services, and in the s its membership grew swiftly.
With the advent of the revolutionary regime in Egypt inthe Brotherhood retreated underground. An attempt to assassinate Egyptian Pres. Six of its leaders were tried and executed for treason, and many others were imprisoned.
Although he was released from prison inhe was arrested again the following year and executed shortly thereafter. In the s the Muslim Brotherhood experienced a renewal as part of the general upsurge of religious activity in Islamic countries. The Brotherhood revived in Egypt and Jordan in the same period, and, beginning in the late s, it emerged to compete in legislative elections in those countries.
Although the group itself remained formally banned, in the elections Brotherhood supporters running as independent candidates were able to win 17 seats, making it the largest opposition bloc in the parliament.
Inagain running as independents, the Brotherhood and its supporters captured 88 seats in spite of efforts by Pres. Its unexpected success in was met with additional restrictions and arrests, and the Brotherhood opted to boycott the local elections. In the parliamentary elections the Mubarak administration continued to restrict the Muslim Brotherhood by arresting members and barring voters in areas where the organization had strong support.
Uprising and electoral success In January a nonreligious youth protest movement against the Mubarak regime appeared in Egypt. Brotherhood leaders outlined a cautious political strategy for the group, stating that they would not seek a majority in the legislature or nominate a candidate for president.
In May, however, a senior member of the Muslim Brotherhood, Abdel-Moneim Abul-Fotouh, announced his intention to run for president; he was later expelled from the organization. In late April the Muslim Brotherhood founded a political party called the Freedom and Justice Party and applied for official recognition from the Egyptian interim government.
The party received official recognition in June, allowing it to enter candidates in upcoming elections. The issue of fielding a presidential candidate arose again in March when the Muslim Brotherhood announced that Khairat al-Shater, a businessman and senior member of the organization, would run for president as the nominee of the Freedom and Justice Party, thus contradicting earlier assurances that the organization would not seek the presidency in Morsi won the largest total in the first round of voting in May and defeated Ahmed Shafiqa former prime minister under Mubarak, in a runoff held on June 16 and The Islamist-dominated Constituent Assembly remained intact.
On November 30,the Constituent Assembly approved a draft constitution written by Islamists without the input of boycotting Christian and secularist members.
Morsi called for a referendum on the draft to be held on December The draft constitution was approved by voters and took effect in late December, but anti-Morsi protests continued.
Abdel Fattah al-Sisiissued an ultimatum declaring that the military would intervene if Morsi was unable to placate the protesters. Morsi responded by offering negotiations with the opposition but refused to step down.The Muslim Brotherhood is without question the world’s most influential modern Islamist organization.
Founded in Egypt in by schoolteacher Hassan al-Banna, the group advocates the embrace of Islam as a way to promote both personal development and broader social reform.
Retired Army Lt. Col. Joseph Myers, a former DIA official and specialist on terrorism, said the documents show the endorsement and support of the Muslim Brotherhood government in Egypt was "a. A History of Violence.
More on: Political Movements. Egypt. Founded in by Hasan al-Banna, the Muslim Brotherhood is widely considered the world’s most influential Islamist organization. The Muslim Brotherhood was founded in by Hassan al-Banna, an Egyptian schoolteacher, who preached implementing traditional Islamic Sharia law in all aspects of life, from everyday problems to the organization of the government.
Inspired by Islamic reformers Muhammad Abduh and Rashid Rida, he believed that Islam had lost its social dominance to corrupt Western influences and British. The Society of the Muslim Brothers (Arabic: جماعة الإخوان المسلمين Jamāʻat al-Ikhwān al-Muslimīn), better known as the Muslim Brotherhood (الإخوان المسلمون al-Ikhwān al-Muslimūn), is a transnational Sunni Islamist organization founded in Egypt by Islamic scholar and schoolteacher Hassan al-Banna in The organization gained supporters throughout.
Coordinates. Egypt (/ ˈ iː dʒ ɪ p t / (listen) EE-jipt; Arabic: مِصر Miṣr, Egyptian Arabic: مَصر Maṣr, Coptic: Ⲭⲏⲙⲓ K h ēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai rutadeltambor.com is a Mediterranean country bordered by the Gaza Strip and.