This article throws light upon the nine major disadvantages of population growth. Some of the disadvantages are:
Advantages of Population Growth Economic Growth The growth of population equates to increased purchases of items such as clothing, educational material, food and other household goods.
In addition, increased number of family members encourages the movement of families into larger houses. This results in increased trade, which in essence supports several sectors of the economy like manufacturing, agriculture, construction and home improvement industries.
Moreover, an increased population translates to an increase in tax revenue. This enables the government to have easy access to resources for its normal operations, security and infrastructural development. Availability of Labor Population growth causes an increase in labor force. This ensures efficient utilization of resources and optimal productivity in sectors such as agriculture and manufacturing.
Availability of labor is an essential tool for economic development. Innovation Population growth encourages innovations in fields such as medicine, agriculture and production. This is because more great minds results in more innovations.
In addition, population growth has led to a greater consciousness for more industrial and agricultural productivity to meet the demand of the large number of people.
For example, the assembly line was devised as an adaptation for the need of more industrial production. Disadvantages of Population Growth Environmental Degradation Rising populations may lead to deforestation so as to create more land for human settlement and agriculture. Deforestation greatly affects the weather cycle and may lead to climate change.
An increased population translates to more environmental pollution through release of greenhouse gases from industrial machinery and improper waste disposal. This results in environmental degradation and may cause loss of biodiversity and health complications. Unemployment In some situations, rapid increase in population may surpass the number of employment opportunities created in the economy.
This results in widespread unemployment. Unemployment has several negative effects in the society such as increased crime rates, political instability, reduced standards of living and a decline in economic development.
Food Shortage Unchecked population growth without an equivalent agricultural development may lead to food shortage. Factors such as reduced agricultural land and environmental degradation contribute to reduced agricultural yields, hence food shortage. Aging Dependency Increased population growth coupled with high life expectancy rates results in an increase in the number of aged population.
This leads to high dependency rates, hence limiting economic development. Property Shortage Population growth encourages rural to urban migration in search of better employment and business opportunities.Growth and the Environment: The Sustainability of Economic Growth Growth may lead to a rapid destruction of rain forests, the over-exploitation of fish stocks and loss of natural habitat created through the construction of new roads, hotels, retail malls and industrial estates.
Advantage: Economic Growth.
A growing population can generate economic growth. The birth of more people equates to a greater number of parents investing in their youth.
Increased purchases in products such as food, clothing, education-related expenses, sporting goods and toys feed the economy. China's Economic Growth, Its Causes, Pros, Cons, and Future It's Good That China's Growth Is Slowing.
Really. China requires several things of foreign companies who want to sell to the Chinese population. They must open factories to employ Chinese workers. Disadvantages. Population growth in a country using a capitalist economic system means more demand for products and therefore economic growth.
For a country with a low population and a lot of land, it can be an advantage especially if the distribution of wealth remains close to level so everybody can prosper. Population Growth Disadvantages To The Economy. WHY MALTHUS WAS WRONG Over the past 10 years, Indian population has risen by million people, reaching an estimated 1,22 billion in The effects of this population increase are evident in the increasing poverty, unemployment, air and water pollution, shortage of food, health resources and educational resources.
Benefits and Advantages of an Increasing Population of a Country! The consequences of a growth in a country’s population depend on its cause, size of population relative to optimum population and the rate of population growth.