Please be patient as the sound files load Because it is composed from the four Hebrew letters YodHeyVavand Heyit is also referred to as the "Tetragrammaton," which simply means "the four letters.
WOOD Wood was employed throughout the ancient world as a writing surface. Egyptian inscriptions have been preserved on wooden statues and sarcophagi, as well as on wooden tablets coated with stucco which were frequently used for school exercises.
The Bible seldom explicitly mentions this surface. The inscription is the simple type indicating ownership and was probably incised le-Aharon — the writing surface being almond wood verse Ezekiel employed a wood writing surface in his famous prophesy of the restoration of national unity Hyatt has suggested, en passant, that the prophet may have used wooden writing tablets and joined them together in the form of a diptych, i.
Since clay tablets were not used in Israel at this time and stone tablets are usually defined as such Ex. In addition to much pictographic evidence, especially from Italy, a school text from Fayyum, Egypt, from B.
Properly treated, wax has the quality of being a lightweight substance that can be easily reused. This surface is mentioned in older literary sources from Mesopotamia. They were constructed so as to contain an inscription on wax.
One of the tablets was still covered with beeswax, compounded with sulphide of arsenic or orpiment, bearing the text of a well-known astrological text Enuma Anu Enlil. Since these boards were tied or hinged together forming a diptych, triptych, or polyptych, they may be called the earliest known form of the book.
Two examples of graffiti from the biblical period were discovered during the s. In several short notices were found in a burial cave northeast of Lachish dating from the sixth century B. One or two seem to be prayers and another a series of curses.
The longest inscription reads: Later, several other graffiti have come to light from Khirbat al-Kawm, in the same general vicinity as the above. Here again several curse formulas have been scribbled on the walls of a family tomb. It was done by cutting into the skin and filling the incision with ink or a dye.
This method is already noted in the Mishnah: The Bible categorically forbids this practice: While this was generally the rule, there seem to have been cases where devotees of YHWH did incise His name on their arms. Isaiah may be referring to this custom when he says: Furthermore in Elephantine, slaves of Jews were marked with the name of their owner Cowley, Aramaic, Inscriptions on stone or metal required a chisel, whereas for clay or wax a stylus would suffice.
In Mesopotamia, the stylus was made of reeds, hardwood, or even bone and metal. There is no pictographic evidence from ancient Israel nor is there any artifact that can be definitely identified as a stylus.
The literary sources do mention at least two kinds of tools for writing on stone: The Egyptians used a rush, cut obliquely and frayed at the end forming a brush, to write with ink on papyrus, hides, ostraca, and wood. A similar type of pen seems to have been used on the Samaria and Lachish ostraca.
At the end of the third century B. The quill, used to this day by Torah scribes soferei setamwas introduced during the Middle Ages in Ashkenazi communities. From earliest times, the Egyptians wrote in black and red ink. Black ink was made from carbon in the form of soot mixed with a thin solution of gum.
This solution was molded and dried into cakes, which were mixed with water before use. In producing red ink, red ocher, or red iron oxide was substituted for carbon. In Israel, a similar type of black ink was probably used, though the Lachish ostraca show traces of iron.Looking to the Levant, Hebrew was the original language of the Israelites.
In contrast to other ancient civilizations, Hebrew Scripture (Genesis ) referred to one God, the Lord God of Israel - Yahweh Elohim - יהוה rutadeltambor.com tradition, the Torah itself, as well as Jesus and the New Testament writers name Moses as the divinely inspired author or .
Encyclopedia of Jewish and Israeli history, politics and culture, with biographies, statistics, articles and documents on topics from anti-Semitism to Zionism. How To Pronounce Yahweh YHWH. Characters =~Min. The reason for this is that when the Greeks borrowed the Phonecian/Paleo-Hebrew alphabet they used leftover consonants that did not occur in their language and used them as When the Greeks adapted the Phoenician writing system to their own language they made a very significant.
The tetragrammaton (/ ˌ t ɛ t r ə ˈ ɡ r æ m ə t ɒ n /; from Greek Τετραγράμματον, meaning "[consisting of] four letters"), יהוה in Hebrew and YHWH in Latin script, is the four-letter biblical name of the God of Israel.
The books of the Torah and the rest of the Hebrew Bible (with the exception of Esther, and Song of Songs) contain this Hebrew name. proper name, of deity Yahweh, the proper name of the God of Israel — see HEBREW hayah.
see HEBREW Yahh. see HEBREW Yhovih. Forms and Transliterations. Ancient Hebrew Alphabet Chart. This is the ultimate Alphabet Chart, with over 20 alphabets arranged so you can easily compare Hebrew to any of the languages of Biblical and Modern times.
Using this chart, you will see how Hebrew has developed over time.